Refinishing Your Hardwood Floor

Depending on the type of stains and finish you choose, it can take up to a week for your floors to fully cure. During this time, it is essential to ensure that nothing in the room could potentially mark or damage your new finish.

Hardwood Floor Refinishing

Placing tarps over large pieces of furniture in the room is also helpful. Finally, it is a good idea to vacuum frequently to remove as much dust as possible. However, if you need some professional help, you can contact Hardwood Floor Refinishing Bergen County NJ.

When water stains, scratches and dull areas mar your once glossy hardwood floors, it may be time for an update. While sanding can be a very dusty and time-consuming job, it is essential for revitalizing wood floors. However, sanding isn’t the only option for renewing wood flooring. Screening is an alternative that focuses on smoothing the surface without taking it down to bare wood. This process is much less time consuming and less costly than full sanding. In addition, it can indefinitely postpone the need for refinishing.

To prepare the floor for sanding, it should be swept and vacuumed to remove any dirt or debris. It is also important to examine the floor for protruding nails, which should be pounded in using a nail set or hammer. The floor should then be sanded with a drum or edge sander fitted with 60-, 80- and 100-grit sanding disks.

During the sanding process, it’s a good idea to wear a face mask or HEPA-level N95 respirator, as fine sawdust can cause sinus problems. A dust mask will also help reduce the amount of sanding debris generated. Once the sanding is complete, the floor will need to be vaccuumed again and cleaned thoroughly. Depending on the type of finish used, it may take up to 24 hours for the floor to dry completely.

After sweeping and vacuuming, the floor can be buffed with a pole buffing machine or by hand with a terry cloth to get rid of any marks or streaks left from the sanding process. It is important to use a low or no-VOC polyurethane when buffing, as these finishes contain fewer VOCs and are better for the environment.

When refinishing, it is important to choose a high-quality product that will last for decades and stand up to daily wear and tear. It is also important to follow all instructions carefully to ensure a successful result. Attempting to cut corners will only lead to a lower-quality finish that is more likely to flake and peel. To minimize the chance of mistakes, it’s often best to have a professional do the work.


A solid hardwood floor can be refinished four to six times in its lifetime. Refinishing your floor allows you to change the color and give it a new look that is different from your previous floors. This is a chance to add personality and style to your home. You can choose a color that reflects your personality or one that matches the décor of your room.

Before you start staining, let your floors dry completely. The time it takes for a stain to cure will depend on the type of wood and the stain you use. You may need to reapply stain once or twice during the drying process to get the desired color. It’s important to read the stain container for directions and to follow them closely.

Once your floor is stained, it’s a good idea to seal it again. This helps protect the wood from spills and other accidents that could damage it. It will also make the finish smoother. If your first sealant looks cloudy or streaky, sand and reapply it.

You can buy oil-based or water-based polyurethane sealers. The water-based options are typically easier to clean up than the oil-based ones.

Before you begin the staining process, vacuum your floor to remove dust and other debris that has accumulated during the sanding process. If you can, use a powerful shop vac with a brush attachment. Otherwise, a large backpack vac like the ProTeam MegaVac is a good option. You should also use tack cloths or rags dampened with mineral spirits to wipe down the surface. This is a tedious job, but it’s essential to avoid dust particles that might interfere with the appearance or adhesion of the stain.

Starting in an inconspicuous corner, pour, brush or roll on the liquid stain, following the direction of the grain. Work in small sections to prevent lap marks and apply multiple coats as directed by the manufacturer.

As you’re working, keep your family and pets out of the area to avoid inhaling the strong odors caused by the chemical fumes from the stains and varnish. You’ll want to wait a minimum of 24 hours before moving your furniture back into place.


If you have decided to refinish your hardwood floors, there are several options available to you. Hiring a professional can be expensive and time consuming, so many homeowners opt to do-it-yourself (DIY). However, this is a project of moderate difficulty and requires a lot of equipment and supplies.

Before refinishing, you should carefully examine your wood flooring to determine its condition. Look for dents, scratches, and gouges, as well as any areas that are warping or separating. If you find any of these issues, it is best to refinish your floor rather than repair them. Refinishing will restore the appearance of your floor and extend its life, while repairs may not last as long.

To refinish your wood floor, you will need to clear the room and remove all furniture. You will also need to seal off doorways and electrical sockets with plastic sheeting to keep sanding dust from spreading. Once the room is cleared, you will need to sand the floor with an orbital sander. This will remove the old finish and expose bare boards.

You can then stain your hardwood floor with a new color. A dark stain will give your home a rich, formal feel, while a lighter stain can create a warm and inviting space. Once the stain is dry, you can apply a coat of polyurethane for protection. There are water-based and oil-based versions of polyurethane, so you should decide which one is right for your home.

The most common type of hardwood flooring is solid wood, which consists of planks of real wood that are joined together. This type of flooring is durable and can be refinished up to 12 times in its lifetime. However, it is not suitable for humid climates and can be damaged by moisture. Engineered wood is a more versatile option that can be made from different types of real wood, including oak, maple, and mahogany. It can be used in any room of the house and is suitable for any environment. It is also possible to refinish engineered wood, though this will not extend the floor’s lifespan as much as a solid-wood floor.


The final step in refinishing hardwood floors is to apply a protective sealant. This ensures that the wood will hold up against everyday wear and tear and minimizes the need for future refinishing. Homeowners can apply the sealant themselves or have it done professionally. If homeowners decide to do it themselves, they will need to rent specialized equipment like a drum sander and have enough time to work through the entire floor. A mistake during this process could damage the floor and result in a costly repair or replacement.

Before applying any type of sealant to a hardwood floor, it must be completely sanded. This is an extremely time-consuming and labor intensive step, and it must be completed thoroughly to produce a smooth surface for the application of the sealant. Once the sanding process is complete, the floor must be cleaned thoroughly. This is an important step that helps to remove any dirt, dust, or grit left behind. It is also necessary to clean the sanded boards to prepare them for the application of the sealant.

After cleaning, the floor should be lightly sanded again with a fine grade of sandpaper, usually #220. This helps to ensure that the second coat of sealant will adhere properly to the floor. Once the sanding is complete, the floor should be thoroughly vacuumed and wiped down with a tack cloth to remove any remaining debris.

There are several different types of sealants that can be used on hardwood floors, each with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Shellac, for example, is a popular option that provides a natural appearance, but it doesn’t hold up to foot traffic very well and must be buffed in regularly. Polyurethane is another common choice and offers a wide range of finishes, from matte to glossy. Water-based polyurethane is becoming more popular than oil-based options because it dries quicker and produces fewer volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

Once the first coat of sealant has been applied, it will need to dry for at least eight hours. Homeowners should be sure to wear personal protection during this process, as most of these products will emit harmful vapors that can be detrimental to health.